Situated in mountainous area covered
with lush vegetation and luxuriant forests, Masuleh is a village enjoying
splendid natural beauty. Being a village of great antiquity. It is like a
living architectural and anthropological. Museum, attracting a great
number of tourists each year.
The fluctuation of temperature varies from a high of 20
in summer to a low of ?2 in winter. The annual average precipitation is
713 millimeters, which occurs mainly in autumn and winter.The most
important mountains, affording spectacular landscapes, are as follows:
Kooh-e Rash, Kooh-e makuf, Kooh-e Dasht-e Gileh Sar and Koohe Gur. Many
rivers originate in the mountains, the largest of which is the Masuleh
Rud. This river, which is formed by the margin of the Zangol and Gilvan
rivers, runs as a mountain stream but flows into the plain and then to the
swamp of Siyah Kashim. There are some other rivers, like Andareh and
Nilikhali, merging into Masuleh Rud.
Because of the topographical features, agriculture is not
an active industry and most people are engaged in animal husbandry and
producing handicraft. The articles such as gelims (rugs made of goats?
hair), jajims (fine carpets made of wool or cotton), socks, traditional
dress, knives, spades, axes, scissors, and scythes are produced in
Masuleh. Making a certain type of shoes called chamush is another
occupation. The leather used for making chamushes are produced in the
tanneries of the village itself. The shops selling traditional goods are
scattered throughout Masuleh. Some people earn their livings by selling
goods to the shepherds and buying dairy products from them. Apart from
natural beauty, the unique architecture of the buildings is of high
attraction for tourists. Most houses are two or three story high. Set on
the slope of the mountain, the houses are arranged in a stair step, so
that the roofs of some houses are the yards of the others. The roofs also
from the public passages.
The houses and the decoration used in the rooms represent
the oriental character of life. The lattice windows and closed with
exquisite decoration are exponents of the orginal Iranian craftsmanship.
Most houses include a certain hall in which the family lives in winter, a
small veranda extending from the front of the house, and a guest room. The
houses of the rich include certain small rooms in which precious articles
The configuration of the village?s buildings makes the
entering of the automobiles impossible. This has helped the original
atmosphere to survive. The oldest building date back to 300 years ago, but
their architecture is similar to that of the Sassanian period. There are
eighteen mosques and five shrines in Masuleh, the most important of which
are Jame? mosque and the mausoleum of Imam Zadeh Own ebn-e Mohammad-e
Hanafiyyeh located in the neighborhood of Masjedbar. The door of the
mausoleum, on which there are highly impressive carved designs, is made of
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